or Pidasa Turkey.
Town in Ionia or
Caria, almost certainly at Cert Osman Kale on the E side
of Mt. Grion. Herodotos says (6.20) that the Persians,
after taking Miletos in 494 B.C., themselves occupied the
plain around the city, but gave the highlands to Carians
of Pedasa to dwell in. This was apparently the origin of
the city of Pidasa which appears in Milesian inscriptions;
about 182 B.C. it was incorporated by sympolity in Miletos. The site lies high up on the mountain, perhaps 700 m above the sea; it comprises a roughly oval enclosure some 200 m long. The wall, 1.5-2 m thick, in roughly
coursed masonry, is poorly preserved, but a number of
towers are recognizable. In the interior some building
foundations are discernible, and large quantities of
worked stones, including some marble; tiles and pottery
date in general to the 4th and 3d c. B.C.
T. Wiegand, Milet
I, 3 (1914) no. 149;
J. M. Cook, BSA
56 (1961) 91-96.
G. E. BEAN