On Felendaği above
the village of Çukurbağ, 5 km N of Kaş, at an altitude
of 750 m. The city is mentioned by Hekataios (ap. Steph.
Byz. s.v., but erroneously located in Pamphylia), and in
the 4th c. B.C. by pseudo-Skylax. Its Lycian name was
apparently Vehinda, which appears on coins of the
dynasts; the later coinage of Phellos is of federal type
and Hellenistic date, and of Gordian III. A bishop of
Phellos is recorded in the Byzantine lists.
The site has been disputed. It has also been identified
with a small city on the coast at Bayindir Limani, across
the bay from Kaş (Antiphellos). At Felendaği the only
two legible Greek epitaphs are both of citizens of Phellos, but this again is inconclusive, as we find Phellites
buried in half a dozen other places also. It is clear from
the extant monuments that Phellos controlled a wide area
of territory, for which the small site at Bayindir Limani
appears inadequate both in size and in position; Felendaği
on the other hand is three times as large and in a commanding situation.
The ring wall enclosed a long narrow area running
EW along the crest of the hill; on the N side are several
stretches of massive polygonal masonry of archaic appearance; on the S side the wall is mostly destroyed. The
extant monuments consist almost entirely of tombs, inside and outside the wall. One tomb, of Lycian house
type, stands free on all sides, cut solidly out of the living
rock; others are sarcophagi, in some cases handsomely
decorated with reliefs. At the W end is an interesting
group, entirely rock-cut, which seems to have formed a
burial complex; on one of the walls is a relief of a bull,
over life-size and damaged. Two Lycian inscriptions have
been found on the site. There is an abundant spring on
the E slope of the hill, and two wells have recently been
dug inside the city wall. Felendaği is the only site in central Lycia which has running water.
T.A.B. Spratt & E. Forbes, Travels in
(1847) I 75-77; E. Petersen & F. von Luschan,
Reisen in Lykien
(1889) I 130-31; O. Benndorf in AnzWien
(1892) 65; G. E. Bean in AnzWien
2 (1958) 49-58.
G. E. BEAN