previous next

PHELLOS Lycia, Turkey.

On Felendaği above the village of Çukurbağ, 5 km N of Kaş, at an altitude of 750 m. The city is mentioned by Hekataios (ap. Steph. Byz. s.v., but erroneously located in Pamphylia), and in the 4th c. B.C. by pseudo-Skylax. Its Lycian name was apparently Vehinda, which appears on coins of the dynasts; the later coinage of Phellos is of federal type and Hellenistic date, and of Gordian III. A bishop of Phellos is recorded in the Byzantine lists.

The site has been disputed. It has also been identified with a small city on the coast at Bayindir Limani, across the bay from Kaş (Antiphellos). At Felendaği the only two legible Greek epitaphs are both of citizens of Phellos, but this again is inconclusive, as we find Phellites buried in half a dozen other places also. It is clear from the extant monuments that Phellos controlled a wide area of territory, for which the small site at Bayindir Limani appears inadequate both in size and in position; Felendaği on the other hand is three times as large and in a commanding situation.

The ring wall enclosed a long narrow area running EW along the crest of the hill; on the N side are several stretches of massive polygonal masonry of archaic appearance; on the S side the wall is mostly destroyed. The extant monuments consist almost entirely of tombs, inside and outside the wall. One tomb, of Lycian house type, stands free on all sides, cut solidly out of the living rock; others are sarcophagi, in some cases handsomely decorated with reliefs. At the W end is an interesting group, entirely rock-cut, which seems to have formed a burial complex; on one of the walls is a relief of a bull, over life-size and damaged. Two Lycian inscriptions have been found on the site. There is an abundant spring on the E slope of the hill, and two wells have recently been dug inside the city wall. Felendaği is the only site in central Lycia which has running water.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

T.A.B. Spratt & E. Forbes, Travels in Lycia (1847) I 75-77; E. Petersen & F. von Luschan, Reisen in Lykien (1889) I 130-31; O. Benndorf in AnzWien (1892) 65; G. E. Bean in AnzWien 2 (1958) 49-58.

G. E. BEAN

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: