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PHILADELPHIA (Alaşehir) Turkey.

City of Lydia founded by Attalos II of Pergamon (159-138 B.C.) in the Cogamus (Koca Çay) valley on the road between Sardis and Laodicea. The city was spread out (Strab. 12.8.18, 13.4.10) on a slight plateau at the S edge of the river plain. Some of the city wall is preserved, and near the acropolis the location of the theater can be recognized, and perhaps a gymnasium and stadium. In the 19th c. the remains of a temple were visible outside the city on the Sardis road. Some finds are in the Manisa museum.


H. Curtius, AbhBerl (1872) 93-95P; J. Keil & A. von Premerstein, Bericht über eine Reise in Lydien . . . 1906, DenkSchrWien 53, 2 (1908) 24-43MI; id., Bericht über eine Dritte Reise in Lydien 1911, ibid. 57, 1 (1914) 15-48; J. Inan & E. Rosenbaum, Roman and Early Byzantine Portrait Sculpture in Asia Minor (1966) nos. 210, 214, 216I.


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