Locality of Castelvieil (Marbacum in the Middle Ages), canton of St-Chaptes, Gard,
Important pre-Roman and Gallo-Roman oppidum overlooking the Gardon gorges N of
Nimes. Although this fortified native settlement has
never been systematically explored, it has yielded an
abundant and precious collection of artifacts, particularly pre-Roman ones.
One funerary bust of a helmeted warrior with engraved breastplate, and another of the torso of a seated figure, have been discovered at the village of Russan in the environs of Sainte-Anastasie, an area heavily
populated in antiquity. These sculptures and all finds
from the oppidum are in the Musée Archéologique in
Carte archéologique de la Gaule romaine
, fasc. VIII, Gard (1941) 185-86, nos. 275-76; F.
Benoit, L'art primitif méditerranéen de la vallée du