(Mahmudia) Dobrudja, Romania.
A Roman-Byzantine city on the right bank of the Danube 25 km E of Aegyssus. It is mentioned by the ancient
itineraries on the road from Aegyssus to Histria (Tab.
. 8.4; Ant. It
. 226.3; Geog. Rav
. 4.5.14). It was built
of stone and covered an area 150 by 120 m. An inscription of A.D. 322 documents a castrum at the beginning of
the 4th c. and a vexillatio commanded by a praepositus,
belonging probably to Legio I Iovia with headquarters
at Noviodunum. During the Late Empire Salsovia was
a garrison for milites quinti Constantiani (Not. Dig
39.26) and in the 6th c. an episcopal residence (De Boor,
V. Pârvan, Salsovia
(1906); J. Weiss,
Die Dobrudscha im Altertum
(1911) 54-55; R. Vulpe,
Histoire Ancienne de la Dobroudja
(1938) 301, 345.