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SELINOS (Gazipaşa, formerly Selinti) Turkey.

City in Cilicia Aspera, among the principal ones on this coast and mentioned by most of the ancient geographers from Pseudo-Skylax on. It was one of the towns taken by Antiochos III in 197 B.C. (Livy 33.20), but is best known as the place where Trajan died in A.D. 117 on his way back from the East. After this event Selinos took for a time the name of Trajanopolis, which occurs on coins and inscriptions. The coinage begins under the kingdom of Antiochos IV of Kommagene, and continues later from Trajan to Philip. A bishop of Selinos is recorded, under the metropolitan of Seleukeia.

The city stood on the slopes and at the foot of a steep hill with a perpendicular cliff on the seaward side. A fortification wall, mostly of rubble, descends the landward side, but the ruins lie chiefly on the level ground below. An aqueduct of inferior masonry crosses the marsh near the mouth of the neighboring stream. Conspicuous is a large rectangular building surrounded by a colonnade, sometimes wrongly supposed to be a mausoleum of Trajan; though the colonnade is ancient, the building itself is apparently a mediaeval caravanserai. There are some undistinguished remains of a theater, and a necropolis extends along the foot of the hill; most of the tombs are constructed of masonry. Numerous column shafts, partly buried, mark the line of a street from city to harbor.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

R. Heberdey & A. Wilhelm, Reisen in Kilikien (1896) 149-51; G. E. Bean & T. B. Mitford, AnatSt 12 (1962) 206-7; id., Journeys in Rough Cilicia 1964-1968 (1970) 153-55.

G. E. BEAN

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