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SEMENOVKA Bosporus.

A Bosporan agricultural settlement on the N shore of the Kerch peninsula 3 km N of the modern village of Semenovka. Founded in the late 3d-early 2d c. B.C., the site was destroyed in the second half of the 3d c. A.D. probably during the Gothic raid of 267. By the late 3d-early 4th c. life had resumed on a small area of the original settlement.

The village included a small hill and the surrounding coastal lowlands. Walls were constructed around the hilltop in the late 1st c. B.C.-1st c. A.D. and then rebuilt in the 1st c., when towers were added. Excavations have shown that within the citadel three streets ran parallel to the main E-W avenue and were connected with it by alleys. This irregular rectangular street pattern created blocks of residential homes with adjacent walls—ca. 90 rooms as well as courtyards have been uncovered. All the houses had stone walls and there are traces of wall paintings from dwellings of the 1st c. B.C.-1st c. A.D. Many homes of the 3d c. A.D. were two-storied with living quarters on the second floor.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

I. T. Kruglikova, “Poselenie u derevni Semenovki,” KSIA 83 (1961) 73-82; id., “Itogi semiletnikh raskopok poseleniia u d. Semenovki,” KSIA 95 (1963) 43-51; id., “Nekropol' poseleniia u der. Semenovki,” SovArkh (1969) 1.98-119; id., “Raskopki poseleniia u der. Semenovki,” Poseleniia i mogil'niki Kerchenskogo poluostrova nachala n.e. [Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, No. 155] (1970) 4-81.

T. S. NOONAN

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