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STRAVROUPOLIS Thrace, Greece.

A modern market town near the Nestos river, 17 km straight NW of the modern city of Xanthi. There is no known ancient settlement either in Stavroupolis or its neighborhood, but 2 km SE of Stavroupolis near the E bank of the Nestos, a Macedonian tomb was discovered in 1950. This probably belonged to the first half of the 2d c. B.C.

The tomb, built of marble blocks in a pseudo-isodomic style, has a total length of ca. 12 m. It consists of a vaulted dromos ca. 5 x 2 m, a prothalamos chamber 2 x 3 m, and the burial chamber 3 x 3 m. The floor of the prothalamos and the burial chamber are paved with rectangular marble slabs. The entrance to the burial chamber is closed by two marble door leaves with some ornamentation. At the back of the chamber are two marble couches set at an angle to each other, each having two double pillows. The feet of the beds are decorated with painted encaustic palmettes, spirals, rosettes, and moldings.

A painted molding 0.20 m wide, made up of Ionic and Lesbian kymatia runs around the prothalamos and the burial chamber at the level of the springing of the vault. On the kymatia and on the door leaves the vivid painted decoration is in encaustic. Although the tomb had been robbed, two gold rings and fragments of terracotta figurines (now in the Kavala Museum) were found in the excavation. Three of the figurines are winged adolescent Erotes, with lively movements. The careful plastic rendering of body and face makes these figurines resemble monumental sculptures.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

X. I. Makaronas, Ἀνασκαφή τοῦ παρά τήν Σταυρούπολιν-ΞάνθηςΜακεδονικοῦτάφου, ΠΑΕ (1953) 133ff; D. Lazarides, Νεάπολις Χριστούπολις Καβάλα, Ὁδηγός Μουσείον Καβάλας (1969) 160, πίν.61.

D. LAZARIDES

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