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A Greek agricultural settlement of the large fortified farmstead type along the NW Crimean coast by the village of Okunevka. Founded by Chersonesus in the late 4th c. B.C., the settlement was seized and destroyed no later than the mid 2d c. B.C. by the Scythians, who erected a small fortress on the site. By the 1st c. B.C., Tarpanchi had become the acropolis for a large native settlement. In the 2d-3d c. A.D. the fortifications were replaced by dwellings, and at the same time Sarmatian influence grew stronger. Suddenly abandoned sometime in the 3d c., perhaps because of a Gothic raid, the site was again occupied in the 8th-10th c.

The limited excavations since 1959 have not uncovered the remains of the original Greek fortifications. The Scythian fortress, rectangular in shape, enclosed an area of ca. 1800 sq. m and was composed of a deep wide trench, stone walls and towers, and an additional stone barrier designed to counter battering rams. Among later monuments, the excavations revealed a farm complex of the 2d-3d c. A.D. (The House with Buttresses) consisting of living quarters, storage rooms, and adjoining courtyards. Other finds suggest the local production of handmade pottery and iron objects in the 1st-3d c.


A. N. Shcheglov, “Razvedki 1959 g. na zapadnom poberezh'e Knyma,” Soobshcheniia Khersonesskogo muzeia 2 (1961) 70-80; id., “Raskopki gorodishcha Tarpanchi v 1960 g.,” Soobshcheniia Khersonesskogo muzeia 3 (1963) 67-75; id., “Tarkhankutskaia ekspeditsiia v 1962-1963 gg.,” KSIA 103 (1965) 140-47; id., “Poseleniia Severo-Zapadnogo Kryma v antichnuiu epokhu,” KSIA 124 (1970) 19-24.


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