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COMUM (Como) Lombardy, Italy.

One of the most important Roman cities in Regio XI, it was colonized under Caesar, with the name Novuin Comum, near the villages that formed the Comum oppidum of Titus Livius. The city had a orthogonal plan covering an area 445 by 550 m. Imposing city walls in stone from the late Republican period remain. The insulae, still recognizable in the urban area, were 75 m on each side. The city was also of military importance in the late antique period. Remains are still visible of the gate called praetoria on the decumanus maximus, as well as stretches of walls and of a bath building with a library (CIL V, 5262) erected outside the city walls by Pliny the Younger. He, like his uncle Pliny the Elder, the naturalist, was born at Comum.

Of interest among the objects in the Archaeological Civic Museum is the Aiaterial from the Ca' Morta necropoleis, which encompass the Late Bronze Age and the entire Iron Age. The collection includes a military parade cart, Greek bronze sculpture, sacred and funerary inscriptions, and a figured Early Christian mosaic.


C. Albizzati, “Un ritratto di Licinia Eudoxia,” AttiPontAcc 2, 15 (1921) 337ff; id., “Una scultura greca arcaica del Museo Giovio di Como,” RendPontAcc 3 (1924-25) 317ff; F. Frigerio, “Antiche porte di città italiche e romane,” Riv. Arch. Comense 108-10 (1934-35) 5-52; G. Caniggia, Lettura di una crittà: Como (1963); G. Luraschi, “Comum oppidum,” Riv. Arch. Comense 152-54 (1970-72) 7-154; M. Mirabella Roberti, “L'urbanistica romana di Como e alcune recenti scoperte,” Atti Convegno centenario Riv. Arch. Comense (1973).


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