HINTON ST. MARY
villa 1.6 km N of Sturminster Newton, discovered in
1963 and excavated in 1964-65. The buildings, apparently
grouped around a courtyard, were in general badly preserved, but two adjacent 4th c. mosaics were recovered
almost intact and are now in the British Museum. The
smaller (4.95 x 2.4 m) shows Bellerophon slaying the
Chimera, while the central roundel of the larger (5.1 x
4.35 m overall) is a representation of Christ, backed
by the Chi-Rho monogram and flanked by pomegranates.
This association of Bellerophon with Christian symbolism recurs at Lullingstone and probably at Frampton,
Dorset. The pavements are the work of the Durnovarian
school of mosaicists.
K. S. Painter, Proc. Dorset Nat. Hist.
and Arch. Field Club
85 (1964) 116-21; 87 (1966) 102-3; mosaics: J.M.C. Toynbee, JHS
54 (1964) 1-14; D. J.
Smith in A.L.F. Rivet, ed., The Roman Villa in Britain
(1969) 86-88, 109-13; Christian aspects: J.M.C. Toynbee in M. W. Barley & R.P.C. Hanson, eds., Christianity
in Britain 300-700