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LE ROZIER Lozère, France.

On the SW boundary of the department where the Tarn and Jonte rivers meet, 20 km from La Graufesenque and 30 km from Banassac. A large quantity of terra sigillata was found here, and excavations in the early 20th c. located several furnaces. Molds, trinkets, and many bowls were found; they are now in the Musée Fenaille at Rodez. Recent excavations have identified ceramic types and a number of potters.

As at Banassac, the earliest strata contain evidence of the manufacture of painted ware with a white slip. Terra sigillata is the most plentiful; it has a delicate, homogeneous paste and the varnish is similar to that of La Graufesenque. The bowls have thin sides. The turned forms are: 15, 18, 22, 24, 27, 33, and 46. Carinated bowls predominate in the molded forms, their profile and decoration dating them from Tiberius to the Flavians. Cylindrical bowls of Form 30 are less plentiful, and appear to date from Claudius' reign. A few hemispherical bowls of Form 37 mark the decline of the workshop.

A cylindrical form with a decorated footstand occurs frequently, and 12 different ovolos have been listed, all of them on molds; they also occur at La Graufesenque and Banassac. The potters include Arcani, Bio, Celsi, Elvi, Felic, Germani, Martialis, Paullus, Sabin, Caelus, and Bassus. The Le Rozier factory appears to be contemporary with La Graufesenque and strongly influenced by the Rutenian potters.


Weyd, “Un atelier de céramique du Ier siècle,” Bull. Soc. Lozère (1903) 104-5; (1904) 14, 60-61; F. Hermet, La Graufesenque (1934); P. Peyre, Les ateliers du Rozier (mimeo 1968).


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