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The seat of an indigenous center. The mountain, ca. 20 km to the N of Gela and on the left side of the national highway to Piazza Armerina, is now almost entirely covered by oak and eucalyptus woods. The center, which under Greek influence can perhaps be identified with Maktorion, is mentioned by Herodotos as being near Gela (7.153). Excavations have uncovered parts of the necropoleis and of the ancient town. On the peak of the acropolis (529 m high), at the W end of the mountain, the foundations of a small shrine were found, together with some of its beautiful polychrome antefixes in the shape of a Gorgon. The foundations are built with large blocks and closely resemble those of the Athenaion in Gela. The terracotta antefixes, datable to the middle of the 6th c. B.C., are also of Geloan type.

The city was protected by a dry stone wall that followed the edge of the mountain for ca. 5 km. This wall probably dates as early as the 6th-5th c. B.C. A defensive wall barring access to the acropolis must on the other hand date from the end of the 4th c. B.C. The inhabited quarter occupied the long B plateau, where aerial photography clearly shows a system of regular streets oriented N-S. An archaic kiln in good state of preservation has also been found near the walls.

The necropolis has yielded some native graves of the 8th-7th c. B.C., followed at the end of the 7th c. onward by tombs purely Greek in typology and grave goods, comprising exclusively Corinthian, Ionic, Attic, and Geloan vases. Most of the material from the excavations is in the National Museum of Gela.


P. Orsi, NSc (1905) 447ff; (1907) 497; D. Adamesteanu, RendLinc (1956) 5ff; id., ArchCl 7 (1955) 179ff; id., RA 49 (1957) 165ff; id., Atti V Convegno Nazionale di Fotogrammetria e Topografia (1957); P. Orlandini, Kokalos 7 (1961) 145ff; id., Kokalos 8 (1962) 85ff.


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