or Sexanta Prista, or Prista
(Ruse) Bulgaria. Lower Moesia.
On the right
bank of the Danube, a camp and station of the Danube
fleet under the emperor Vespasian (69-79). In 100
Roman citizens and veterans settled in here. At the beginning of the 2d c. it is described as a polis (Ptol. 3.10.10).
It was the station of Cohors II Flavia Brittonum equitata
and Cohors II Mattiacorum. In the 4th and 5th c. it
was the station of the cuneus equitum armigerorum and
of Cohors V pedatura inferior of Legio I Italica (Not.
. or. 40.14.32). It was a rest stop on the Via Danubiana (Tab. Peut
.; It. Ant
. 222.3). Fortifications were built
in the reign of Diocletian. It became the seat of a bishop
in the 4th and 5th c. (Socr. Hist. eccl
. 7.36). The city was
destroyed by the Avars and Slavs after 596.
No excavations have been undertaken since the modern
city of Ruse lies on the site. In the course of construction
activities inscriptions, milestones, coins, and pottery have
been uncovered. In the surrounding area of the city have
been found votive stelai to Mithras and Diana Plestrensis
(the cult name derived from the name of the city).
V. Velkov, “Eine neue Inschrift über
Laberius Maximus und ihre Bedeutung für die ältere
Geschichte der Provinz Moesia Ingerior,” Epigraphica
(1966) 109; J. Kolendo, “Une inscription inconnue de
Sexaginta Prista et la fortification du Bas Danube sous
la tétrarche,” Eirene
5 (1966) 139-54.