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SEXAGINTA PRISTA or Sexanta Prista, or Prista (Ruse) Bulgaria. Lower Moesia.

On the right bank of the Danube, a camp and station of the Danube fleet under the emperor Vespasian (69-79). In 100 Roman citizens and veterans settled in here. At the beginning of the 2d c. it is described as a polis (Ptol. 3.10.10). It was the station of Cohors II Flavia Brittonum equitata and Cohors II Mattiacorum. In the 4th and 5th c. it was the station of the cuneus equitum armigerorum and of Cohors V pedatura inferior of Legio I Italica (Not. dig. or. 40.14.32). It was a rest stop on the Via Danubiana (Tab. Peut.; It. Ant. 222.3). Fortifications were built in the reign of Diocletian. It became the seat of a bishop in the 4th and 5th c. (Socr. Hist. eccl. 7.36). The city was destroyed by the Avars and Slavs after 596.

No excavations have been undertaken since the modern city of Ruse lies on the site. In the course of construction activities inscriptions, milestones, coins, and pottery have been uncovered. In the surrounding area of the city have been found votive stelai to Mithras and Diana Plestrensis (the cult name derived from the name of the city).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

V. Velkov, “Eine neue Inschrift über Laberius Maximus und ihre Bedeutung für die ältere Geschichte der Provinz Moesia Ingerior,” Epigraphica 27 (1966) 109; J. Kolendo, “Une inscription inconnue de Sexaginta Prista et la fortification du Bas Danube sous la tétrarche,” Eirene 5 (1966) 139-54.

V. VELKOV

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