The fort is partly covered by a mediaeval castle and few excavations have been made. It lies
on an important line of military communications between Eburacum (York) and Luguvallium (Carlisle).
The first occupation is probably Agricolan. A civil settlement grew up around the fort and part of a 3d-4th c.
cremation cemetery has been found E of it. A tombstone,
unusual for Britain, built into the wall of the church
(since removed), bears an inscription in Greek hexameters commemorating Hermes of Commagene.
The most important finds on the site are lead sealings, thrown onto a rubbish pit outside the fort. These
had been removed from official consignments of goods
which were repacked at the fort. The sealings are probably 3d c., stamped by the senders.
I. A. Richmond, “Roman lead sealings
from Brough-under-Stainmore,” Trans. Cumberland and
Westmorland Arch. Soc
. ser. 2, 36 (1936) 104-25; RIB