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Attributive Position of the Article

1154. A word or group of words standing between the article and its noun, or immediately after the article if the noun, with or without the article, precedes, is an attributive. Thus, σοφὸς ἀνήρ, ἀνὴρ σοφός, or ἀνὴρ σοφός (cp. 1168).

1155. This holds true except in the case of such post-positive words as μέν, δέ, γέ, τέ, γάρ, δή, οἶμαι, οὖν, τοίνυν; and τὶς in Hdt.: τῶν τις Περσέων one of the Persians 1. 85. In Attic, τὶς intervenes only when an attributive follows the article: ““τῶν βαρβάρων τινὲς ἱππέωνsome of the barbarian cavalryX. A. 2.5.32.

1156. Adjectives, participles, adverbs, and (generally) prepositions with their cases, if preceded by the article, have attributive position.

1157. (1) Commonly, as in English, the article and the attributive precede the noun: σοφὸς ἀνήρ the wise man. In this arrangement the emphasis is on the attributive. Thus, ““τῇ πρώτῃ ἡμέρᾳon the first dayT. 3.96, ““ἐν τῷ πρὸ τοῦ χρόνῳin former timesD. 53.12, ““τὸν ἐκ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εἰς τοὺς βαρβάρους φόβον ἰδώνseeing the terror inspired by the Greeks in the barbariansX. A. 1.2.18.

1158. (2) Less often, the article and the attributive follow the noun preceded by the article: ἀνὴρ σοφός the wise man. Thus, ““τὸ στράτευμα τὸ τῶν Ἀθηναίωνthe army of the AtheniansT. 8.50, ““ἐν τῇ πορείᾳ τῇ μέχρι ἐπὶ θάλαττανon the journey as far as the seaX. A. 5.1.1. In this arrangement the emphasis is on the noun, as something definite or previously mentioned, and the attributive is added by way of explanation. So τοὺς κύνας τοὺς χαλεποὺς διδέα_σι they tie up the dogs, the savage ones (I mean) X. A. 5.8.24.

1159. (3) Least often, the noun takes no article before it, when it would have none if the attributive were dropped: ἀνὴρ σοφός the wise man (lit. a man, I mean the wise one). Thus, ““μάχαις ταῖς πλείοσιin the greater number of battlesT. 7.11, σύνειμι μὲν θεοῖς, σύνειμι δὲ ἀνθρώποις τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς I associate with gods, I associate with good men X. M. 2.1.32. In this arrangement the attributive is added by way of explanation; as in the last example: with men, the good (I mean).

1160. A proper name, defining a preceding noun with the article, may itself have the article: ἀδελφὸς Ἀρεθούσιος (his) brother Arethusius D. 53.10. Cp. 1142 c. An appositive to a proper name has the article when it designates a characteristic or something well known: ““ Σόλων παλαιὸς ἦν φιλόδημοςSolon of ancient times was a lover of the peopleAr. Nub. 1187, Πα_σίων Μεγαρεύς Pasion, the Megarian X. A. 1.4.7.

1161. The genitive of a substantive limiting the meaning of another substantive may take any one of four positions:—

a. τὸ τοῦ πατρὸς βιβλίον the father's book (very common). Thus, <*> τεθνεώτων ἀρετή the valour of the dead L. 12.36.

b. τὸ βιβλίον τὸ τοῦ πατρός (less common). Thus, ““ οἰκία_ Σίμωνοςthe house of SimonL. 3.32.

c. τοῦ πατρὸς τὸ βιβλίον (to emphasize the genitive or when a genitive has just preceded). Thus, ““τῆς ϝί_κης τὸ μέγεθοςthe greatness of the victoryX. H. 6.4.19.

d. τὸ βιβλίον τοῦ πατρός (very common). Thus, ““ τόλμα τῶν λεγόντωνthe effrontery of the speakersL. 12.41. The genitive of the divided whole (1306) is so placed or as in c.

N. 1.—A substantive with no article is sometimes followed by the article and the attributive genitive: ἐπὶ σκηνὴν ἰόντες τὴν Ξενοφῶντος going to the ten<*> (namely, that) of Xenophon X. A. 6.4.19. Cp. 1159.

1162. The order bringing together the same forms of the article (περὶ τοῦ τ<*> πατρὸς βιβλίου) is avoided, but two or three articles of different form may stand together: ““τὸ τῆς τοῦ ξαίνοντος τέχνης ἔργονthe work of the art of the wool-carderP. Pol. 281a.

1163. The attributive position is employed with the possessive pronouns and the possessive genitives of the reflexive and demonstrative pronouns (1184), αὐτο<*> meaning same (1173), and πᾶς expressing the sum total (1174).

1164. Two or more attributives of a substantive are variously placed: (1) ““εἰς τὰ_ς ἄλλα_ς Ἀρκαδικὰ_ς πόλειςto the other Arcadian citiesX. H. 7.4.38. (2) ““τὸ ἐν Ἀρκαδίᾳ τὸ τοῦ Διὸς τοῦ Λυκαίου ἱερόνthe sanctuary of Lycean Zeus in ArcadiaP. R. 565d. (3) ““ἐς τὸν ἐπὶ τῷ στόματι τοῦ λιμένος στενοῦ ὄντος τὸν ἕτερον πύργονto the other tower at the mouth of the harbour which was narrowT. 8.90. (4) ““ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ τῇ Χαρμίδου τῇ παρὰ τὸ Ὀλυμπιεῖονin the house of Charmides by the OlympieumAnd. 1.16. (5) ““ἀπὸ τῶν ἐν τῇ Ἀσίᾳ πόλεων Ἑλληνίδωνfrom the Greek cities in AsiaX. H. 4.3.15. (6) ““πρὸς τὴν ἐκ τῆς Σικελία_ς τῶν Ἀθηναίων μεγάλην κακοπρα_γία_νwith regard to the great failure of the Athenians in SicilyT. 8.2. (7) ““τὸ τεῖχος τὸ μακρὸν τὸ νότιονthe long southern wallAnd. 3.7.

1165. A relative or temporal clause may be treated as an attributive: ““Σόλων ἐμί_σει τοὺς οἷος οὗτος ἀνθρώπουςSolon detested men like this man hereD. 19.254.

1166. Position of an attributive participle with its modifiers (A = article, N = noun, P = participle, D = word or words dependent on P): (1) APND: ““τὸν ἐφεστηκότα κίνδυ_νον τῇ πόλειthe danger impending over the StateD. 18.176. (2) APDN: τοὺς περιεστηκότας τῇ πόλει κινδύ_νους D. 18.179. (3) ADPN: τὸν τότε τῇ πόλει περιστάντα κίνδυ_νον D. 18.188. (4) NADP: ““ἕτοιμον ἔχει δύναμιν τὴν . . . καταδουλωσουένην ἄπανταςhe has in readiness a force to enslave allD. 8.46.

1167. a. Especially after verbal substantives denoting an action or a state an attributive prepositional phrase is added without the article being repeated: ““τὴν μεγάλην στρατεία_ν Ἀθηναίων καὶ τῶν ξυμμάχων ἐς Αἴγυπτονthe great expedition of the Athenians and their allies to EgyptT. 1.110.

b. A word defining a substantivized participle, adjective, or infinitive may be placed before the article for emphasis: ““καὶ ταῦτα τοὺς εἰδότας καλοῦμενand we will summon those who have knowledge of thisD. 57.65, ““τούτων τοῖς ἐναντίοιςwith the opposite of theseT. 7.75.

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