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Predicate Position of Adjectives

1168. A predicate adjective either precedes or follows the article and its noun: σοφὸς ἀνήρ or ἀνὴρ σοφός the man is wise.

Thus, ““ἀτελεῖ τῇ νί_κῃ ἀνέστησανthey retired with their victory incompleteT. 8.27, ““ψι_λὴν ἔχων τὴν κεφαλήνwith his head bareX. A. 1.8.6, ““τὰ_ς τριήρεις ἀφείλκυσαν κενά_ςthey towed off the ships without their crewsT. 2.93.

a. This is called the predicate position, which often lends emphasis.

1169. A predicate adjective or substantive may thus be the equivalent of a clause of a complex sentence: ““ἀθάνατον τὴν περὶ αὑτῶν μνήμην καταλείψουσινthey will leave behind a remembrance of themselves that will never dieI. 9.3, ἐπήρετο πόσον τι ἄγοι τὸ στράτευμα he asked about how large the force was that he was leading ( = πόσον τι εἴη τὸ στράτευμα ἄγοι 2647) X. C. 2.1.2, παρ᾽ ἑκόντων τῶν ξυμμάχων τὴν ἡγεμονία_ν ἔλαβον they received the leadership from their allies (being willing) who were willing to confer it I. 1.17.

1170. A predicate expression may stand inside an attributive phrase: δεινὸς (pred.) ““λεγόμενος γεωργόςhe who is called a skilful agriculturistX. O. 19.14. This is common with participles of naming with the article.

1171. The predicate position is employed with the demonstratives οὗτος, ὅδε, ἐκεῖνος, and ἄμφω, ἀμφότερος, ἑκάτερος, and ἕκαστος; with the possessive genitives of personal and relative pronouns (1185, 1196) and of αὐτός (1201); with αὐτός meaning self (1206 b); with the genitive of the divided whole (1306), as ““τούτων οἱ πλεῖστοιthe most of theseX. A. 1.5.13, οἱ ἄριστοι τῶν περὶ αὐτόν the bravest of his companions 1. 8. 27; and with πᾶς meaning all (1174 b).

a. This wise man is οὗτος σοφὸς ἀνήρ, σοφὸς ἀνὴρ οὗτος (and also σοφὸς οὗτος ἀνήρ).

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