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SIMPLE SENTENCES IN INDIRECT DISCOURSE


1. Indicative and Optative after ὅτι or ὡς

2614. After primary tenses, the verb of the direct form remains unchanged in mood and tense.

““λέγει δ᾽ ὡς ὑβριστής εἰμιhe says that I am an insolent personL. 24.15 ( = ὑβριστὴς εἶ), ““ἀλλ᾽ ἐννοεῖν χρὴ τοῦτο μέν, γυναῖχ᾽ ὅτι ἔφυ_μενbut we must remember on the one hand that we were born womenS. Ant. 61, ““οἶδ᾽ ὅτι οὐδ᾽ ἂν τοῦτό μοι ἐμέμφουI know that you would not blame me even for thisX. O. 2.15, ““ἀπεκρί_νατο ὅτι οὐδὲν ἂν τούτων εἴποιhe replied that he would say nothing of thisX. A. 5.6.37 ( = ἂν εἴποιμι).

2615. After secondary tenses, an indicative without ἄν usually becomes optative, but may be retained unchanged. An indicative with ἄν and an optative with ἄν are retained.

a. Optative for Indicative.—““ἔγνωσαν ὅτι κενὸς φόβος εἴηthey recognized that their fear was groundlessX. A. 2.2.21 ( = ἐστί), ““ἔλεξαν ὅτι πέμψειε σφᾶς Ἰνδῶν βασιλεύςthey said that the king of the Indians had sent themX. C. 2.4.7 ( = ἔπεμψεν ἡμᾶς), ““ἠγγέλθη ὅτι ἡττημένοι εἶεν οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι . . . καὶ Πείσανδρος τεθναίηit was reported that the Lacedaemonians had been defeated and that Peisander was deadX. H. 4.3.10 ( = ἡττημένοι εἰσι and τέθνηκε).

N.—The first example of the optative in indirect discourse is later than Homer (Hymn to Aphrodite 214). Aeschylus has four cases. See 2624 c.

b. Direct Form Retained.—““διῆλθε λόγος ὅτι διώκει αὐτοὺς Κῦροςa report spread that Cyrus was pursuing themX. A. 1.4.7, ““ἀποκρι_νάμενοι ὅτι πέμψουσι πρέσβεις, εὐθὺς ἀπήλλαξανthey withdrew immediately on answering that they would send envoysT. 1.90 ( = πέμψομεν). See also 2623, 2625.


2. Infinitive and Participle

2616. The infinitive and participle are used in indirect discourse to represent the finite verb of direct discourse.

““ὑπώπτευον ἐπὶ βασιλέα_ ἰέναιthey suspected that they were to go against the kingX. A. 5.1.8 ( = ἴμεν), ““ἔφη ἄξειν Λακεδαιμονίους αὐτοῦ ἀποκτενεῖνhe said that he would either bring the Lacedaemonians or kill them on the spotT. 4.28 ( = ἄξω, ἀποκτενῶ), ““οὐ γὰρ ᾔδεσαν αὐτὸν τεθνηκόταfor they did not know that he was deadX. A. 1.10.16 ( = ὅτι τέθνηκε).

For examples of the infinitive, see 1846, 1848, 1849, 1867, 2022; for examples of the participle, see 1846, 1848, 1874, 2106, 2112 b.

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