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1878. Conative Present.—The present may express an action begun, attempted, or intended.

““τὴν δόξαν ταύτην πείθουσιν ὑ_μᾶς ἀποβαλεῖνthey are trying to persuade you to throw away this renownI. 6.12, ““δίδωμί σοι αὐτὴν ταύτην γυναῖκαI offer you this woman herself as a wifeX. C. 8.5.19, ““προδίδοτον τὴν Ἑλλάδαthey are trying to betray GreeceAr. P. 408.

a. This use is found also in the infinitive and participle: ““Φιλίππου ἐπὶ Βυζάντιον παριόντοςwhen Philip is preparing to advance against ByzantiumD. 8.66.

b. The idea of attempt or intention is an inference from the context and lies in the present only so far as the present does not denote completion.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
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