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The Corinthian War and the King's Peace

In a reversal of the alliances of the end of the Peloponnesian War1, the Persian king initially allied with Athens and the other Greek city-states2 against Sparta in the so-called Corinthian War3, which lasted from 395 to 386 B.C. But this alliance failed4, too, because the king and the Greek allies were seeking their own advantage rather than peaceful accommodation. The war ended with Sparta once again cutting a deal with Persia. In a blatant renunciation of its claim to be the defender of Greek freedom, Sparta acknowledged the Persian king's right to control the Greek city-states of Anatolia in return for permission to secure Spartan interests in Greece without Persian interference. The King's Peace5 of 386 B.C., as the agreement is called, effectively returned the Greeks of Anatolia to the dependent status of a century ago before the Greek victory in the Persian Wars of 490-479 B.C.

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