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[1405-1408] The marriage of Iocasta with Oedipus constituted (ἀπεδείξατε)Oedipus at once father and brother (of his children), while he was also son (of his wife), ... the closest relation in bloodαἶμ᾽ ἐμφύλιον)becoming also the husband. The marriage made Iocasta the brideνύμφας) ... aye, and the child-bearing wifeγυναῖκας),—of him to whom she was also motherμητέρας).Thus, through the birth of children from such a marriage, complex horrors of relationship arose (ὁπόσα αἴσχιστα ἔργα γίγνεται). αἶμ᾽ ἐμφύλιον is in apposition with πατέρας ἀδελφοὺς παῖδας,— “a blood-kinship” standing for “a blood-kinsman.” It expresses that the monstrous union confounded the closest tie of consanguinity with the closest tie of affinity. The phrase ἐμφύλιον αἷμα, like συγγενὲς αἶμα, would in Tragedy more often mean “murder of a kinsman.” But it can, of course, mean also “kindred blood” in another sense; and here the context leaves no ambiguity. Cp. Soph. OC 1671 (n.) ἔμφυτον αἷμα, Eur. Phoen. 246κοινὸν αἷμα, κοινὰ τέκεα τῆς κερασφόρου πέφυκεν Ἰοῦς.

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