previous next

[1427] δεικνύναι depends on αἰδεῖσθε, for the constr. of which with (1) acc. of persons revered, and (2) infin. of act which such reverence forbids, cp. Xen. Anab. 2.3.22ᾐσχύνθημεν καὶ θεοὺς καὶ ἀνθρώπους προδοῦναι αὐτόν,” “respect for gods and for men forbade us to betray him. ”

τὸ (= , see on 1379) μήτε, not οὔτε, since τοιόνδ᾽ ἄγος indicates a class of ἄγη: not merely “which, ” but “such as, ” “earth will not welcome ” (quod Terra non admissura sit): cp. 817, Soph. El. 654ὅσων ἐμοὶ δύσνοια μὴ πρόσεστιν.γῆὄμβροςφῶς. The pollution ἄγος of Oedipus is such that the pure elemental powers—represented by earth, the rain from heaven, the light— cannot suffer it to remain in their presence (προσδέξεται):it must be hidden from them. Cp. Aesch. Eum. 904 ff., where the Erinyes, as Chthonian powers, invoke blessings on Attica, γῆθενἔκ τε ποντίας δρόσουἐξ οὐρανοῦ τε. ὄμβρος here is not a synonym but a symbol of water generally, as with Empedocles 282 ὣς τότ᾽ ἔπειτ᾽ ἐδίηνε Κύπρις χθόνα δηρὸν ἐν ὄμβρῳ εἴδεα καὶ ποιοῦσα θοῷ πυρὶ δῶκε κρατῦναι: cp. Lucr. 1.714 f. quattuor ex rebus posse omnia rentur Ex igni terra atque anima procrescere et imbri. In Soph. Ant. 1073 the exposure of the unburied corpse is spoken of as a violence to οἱ ἄνω θεοίβιάζονται). It was a common form of oath to pray that, if a man swore falsely, neither earth, nor sea, nor air, might tolerate the presence of his corpse (Eur. Orest. 1085, Eur. Hipp. 1030).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: