previous next

[628] ἀρκτέον = δεῖ ἄρχειν, one must rule: cp. Soph. Ant. 677ἀμυντέ᾽ ἐστὶ τοῖς κοσμουμένοις.Isoc. 14.10οὐ τῶν ἄλλων αὐτοῖς ἀρκτέον” (they ought not to rule over others) ἀλλὰ πολὺ μᾶλλον Ὀρχομενίοις φόρον οἰστέον. In Plat. Tim. 48bἀρκτέον” = δεῖ ἄρχεσθαι, one must begin; in Soph. Aj. 853ἀρκτέον τὸ πρᾶγμα” = must be begun. Some understand— “one must be ruled,” and οὔτοι κακῶς γ᾽ ἄρχοντος,“ No, not by one who rules ill”: but (a) though ἀρκτέα πόλις might mean, “the city is to be ruled,” an absolute passive use of ἀρκτέον is certainly not warranted by such an isolated example as οὐ καταπληκτέον ἐστίν (“we must not be unnerved”) in Din. 1.108: (b) ἄρχομαί τινος, “I am ruled by one” (instead of ἐκ or ὑπό), could only plead the analogy of ἀκούω τινός, and lacks evidence.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: