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[13] κατοικτίρων οἰκτίρω, not οἰκτείρω, is the spelling attested by Attic inscriptions of circ. 550-350 B.C.: see Meisterhans, Grammatik der Attischen Inschriften, p. 89. μὴ οὐ κατοικτίρων. An infinitive or participle, which for any reason would regularly take μή, usually takes μὴ οὐ if the principal verb of the sentence is negative. Here, δυσάλγητος = οὐκ εὐάλγητος: Dem. 19.123πόλειςχαλεπαὶ λαβεῖν ... μὴ οὐ χρόνῳ καὶ πολιορκίᾳ”(sc. λαμβάνοντι,) where χαλεπαί = οὐ ῥᾴδιαι: “cities not easy to take, unless by a protracted siege.” The participial clause, μὴ οὐ κατοικτίρων, is equivalent to a protasis, εἰ μὴ κατοικτίροιμι. Prof. Kennedy holds that the protasis is εἰ μὴ θέλοιμι understood, and that μὴ οὐ κατοικτίρων is epexegetic of it: —“Yes(γάρ) I should be unfeeling, if I did not wish (to help you): that is, if I refused to pity such a supplication as this.” But the double negative μὴ οὐ could not be explained by a negative in the protasis εἰ μὴ θέλοιμι): it implies a negative in the apodosis δυσάλγητος ἂν εἴην. Since, then, the resolution into οὐκ εὐάλγητος ἂν εἴην is necessary, nothing seems to be gained by supposing a suppressed protasis, εἰ μὴ θέλοιμι.

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