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[54] ἄρξεις ... κρατεῖς ...
κρατεῖν
κρατεῖν τινός, merely to hold in one's power; ἄρχειν implies a constitutional rule. Cp. Plat. Rep. 338dοὐκοῦν τοῦτο κρατεῖ ἐν ἑκάστῃ πόλει, τὸ ἄρχον;” Her. 2. i ἄλλους τε παραλαβὼν τῶν ἦρχε καὶ δὴ καὶ Ἑλλήνων τῶν ἐπεκράτεε, i.e. the Asiatics who were his lawful subjects, and the Greeks over whom he could exert force. But here the poet intends no stress on a verbal contrast: it is as if he had written, εἴπερ ἄρξεις, ὥσπερ ἄρχεις. Cp. Soph. Trach. 457κεἰ μὲν δέδοικας, οὐ καλῶς ταρβεῖς”: below 973 προὔλεγον ... ηὔδας.

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