ὧν, sc. “τῶν νεκρῶν”, suggested by “νέκυν”. Others make it neut., ‘such acts as these.’ It cannot refer to “οἱ κάτωθεν θεοί.” βιάζονται, sc. “οἱ ἄνω θεοί”: because it was an offence against the pure “οὐράνιοι θεοί” to keep a “μίασμα” in their presence. Cp. O. T. 1425 “τὴν γοῦν πάντα βόσκουσαν φλόγα ι αἰδεῖσθ᾽ ἄνακτος Ἡλίου”, and see n. there on 1427. The subject to “βιάζονται” might, indeed, be “οἱ κάτωθεν θεοί”, for Greek idiom is often bold in such transitions: but the verb suits a positive better than a negative wrong.
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