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ἀφεῖται πάντα, all has been given up,—has slipped from his grasp, and been lost. Cp. Her. 8.49 γὰρ Ἀττικὴ ἀπεῖτο ἤδη” (to the Persians). The perf. pass. of “ἀφίημι” is always pass. in sense, usu. meaning either ‘set free’ (as Isocr. or. 17 § 11), or, ‘left free’ (Plat. Critias 117C, of open ground), or ‘permitted’ (Thuc. 5.91). The only apparent instance of “ἀφεῖμαι” as a perf. midd. is Dem. or. 23 § 157τοῦ μὲν τιμωρεῖσθαι τὸν Χαρίδημον ἀφεῖσθαι, ἀποστεῖλαι δ᾽ ὑπόσπονδον”. But there, as “ἀποστεῖλαι” suggests, we must surely read the 2nd aor. midd. “ἀφέσθαι”, which was frequent in this sense (Plat. Gorg. 458C, etc.). If “ἀφεῖται” were midd. here, we should require “πάντων”: cp. Thuc. 2.60τοῦ κοινοῦ τῆς σωτηρίας ἀφίεσθε”.

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hide References (7 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (7):
    • Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates, 157
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.49
    • Isocrates, Trapeziticus, 11
    • Plato, Gorgias, 458c
    • Plato, Critias, 117c
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.60
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.91
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