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αὐτόχειρ could mean either ‘by a kinsman's hand,’ or ‘by his own hand.’ See n. on 56 “αὐτοκτονοῦντε”. Hence such compounds sometimes receive a further definition, as Ai. 841αὐτοσφαγεῖς πρὸς τῶν φιλίστων ἐκγόνων”. But in Aesch. Eum. 336αὐτουργίαι”, without any such addition,=‘murders of kinsfolk.’ G. Wolff ought not, however, to have compared Xen. Hellen. 6.4.35, “ἀποθνῄσκει αὐτόχειρίᾳ μὲν ὑπὸ τῶν τῆς γυναικὸς ἀδελφῶν, βουλῇ δὲ ὑπ᾽ αὐτῆς ἐκείνης”, i.e., ‘by the deed of their hands’ (cp. above, v. 306), ‘though at her instigation.’ Attic prose does not use “αὐτόχειρ” or “αὐτοχειρία” in the pregnant poetical sense (a slayer, or a slaying, of kinsfolk), but merely in the general sense, ‘doing with one's own hands,’ etc. See Plat. Legg. 872B: ib. 865 B, etc.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 336
    • Plato, Laws, 865b
    • Plato, Laws, 872b
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 841
    • Xenophon, Hellenica, 6.4.35
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