οὐ γάρ, ‘what, has not,’ etc., introducing an indignant question, as Ai. 1348, Ph. 249. τὼ κασιγνήτω … τὸν μὲν … τὸν δέ, partitive apposition (“σχῆμα καθ᾽ ὅλον καὶ μέρος”), the whole, which should be in the genitive, being put in the same case as the part,—a constr. freq. in nom., but rare in accus.: cp. 561: Thuc. 2.92 “δύο ὑποσχέσεις τὴν μὲν βουλόμενος ἀναπρᾶξαι, τὴν δὲ αὐτὸς ἀποδοῦναι”. The place of τάφου before “τὼ κασιγνήτω” shows the first thought to have been,— ‘of a tomb, he has deemed our two brothers, the one worthy, the other unworthy’: but προτίσας, which has taken the place of a word in the sense of “ἀξιώσας”, substitutes the idea of preferring one brother to the other. Thus τάφου is left belonging, in strict grammar, to ἀτιμάσας only; for the genit. with which, cp. O. C. 49. ἀτιμάσας ἔχει=a perfect, O. T. 577.
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