previous next

τόδ᾽ ἐκδ. καὶ παραλλάσσει, this trains and perverts good minds of men, “ἵστασθαι πρὸς αἰσχρ. πράγμ.”, to address themselves to base deeds. “παραλλάσσει”=‘alters sideways’; i.e. causes to turn out of a straight course into an oblique course; hence, like “παράγει, παραστρέφει”, perverts. Cp. Arist. Pol. 8. 7§ 7 “αἱ ψυχαὶ παρεστραμμέναι τῆς κατὰ φύσιν ἕξεως” (their minds being warped from their natural condition). Since “παραλλάσσει” implies a bad training, it can be followed, like “ἐθίζει” and like words, by an infin.: it is unnecessary, then, to make ἵστασθαι, in its relation to “παραλλάσσει”, merely epexegetic (‘so that they set themselves’); though it might, of course, be so. Wecklein takes καὶ παραλλάσσει as parenthetic = “παραλλάσσουσα”: but this, too, is needless, nor is it supported by 537 (where see n.).

ἵστασθαι πρός τι means here, ‘to set oneself facing it,’ so ‘to turn to it, address oneself to it,’ just like “τρέπεσθαι πρός τι”: cp. Plat. Rep. 452Eπρὸς ἄλλον τινὰ σκοπὸν στησάμενος τὸν τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ”, ‘having set himself to some other aim,’ etc. Distinguish some other phrases with “ἵστασθαι” and “πρός” which are not really similar: Thuc. 3.11πρὸς τι χρὴ στῆναι” (a power to which they could rally): 4. 56πρὸς τὴν ἐκείνων γνώμην ἀεὶ ἕστασαν” (they had always sided with the Athenian policy): 6. 34πρὸς τὰ λεγόμενα καὶ αἱ γνῶμαι ἵστανται” (men's minds adapt their attitudes to what is said).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aristotle, Politics, 8.1342a
    • Plato, Republic, 452e
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 537
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.11
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.56
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.34
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: