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πανουργίαςἔχειν: showed men how to practise villanies. For “ἔχειν” of the moral habit, cp. Od. 1.368μνηστῆρες ὑπέρβιον ὕβριν ἔχοντες”: Il. 9.305λύσσαν ἔχων ὀλοήν”. The inf. might be epexegetic, but really depends on “ἔδειξεν” as implying ‘taught’: cp. Eur. Med. 195οὐδεὶς λύπας ηὕρετο... ᾠδαῖς παύειν” (has found out how to...). “δείκνυμι” of invention, as Ai. 1195δς στυγερῶν ἔδειξεν ὅπλων Ἕλλασι κοινὸν Ἄρη”: fr. 396. 6 “στρατοῦ φρυκτωρίαν ἔδειξε, κἀνέφηνεν οὐ δεδειγμένα” (Palamedes).

εἰδέναι, ‘to know,’ i.e. to be conversant with (cp. on 71) παντὸς ἔργου δυσσέβ., impiety of (shown in) any deed,=“πᾶν δυσσεβὲς ἔργον” (cp. 603λόγου τ᾽ ἄνοια”): for “πᾶς”, cp. O. C. 761 n. Note παντὸς ἔργ. after πανουργίας: the familiar use of “πανουργία” extenuates the force to which etymology entitles it, while in “πᾶν ἔργον” that whole force is felt: so “πᾶν ποιεῖν” is stronger than “πανουργεῖν”, and “πᾶν λέγειν” than “παρρησιάζεσθαι” ( Plat. Apol. 39A “ἐάν τις τολμᾷ πᾶν ποιεῖν καὶ λέγειν”). Cp. Soph. Ph. 407παντὸς ἂν λόγου κακοῦ γλώσσῃ θιγόντα καὶ πανουργίας”, where “πάσης” must be supplied, showing how “πανουργία” could be used without direct reference to its derivation.

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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Euripides, Medea, 195
    • Homer, Odyssey, 1.368
    • Plato, Apology, 39
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1195
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 603
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 761
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 407
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.305
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