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πάγων κ.τ.λ. Construe: “καὶ” (“ἐδιδάξατο”) “φεύγειν ἐναίθρεια βέλη δυσαύλων πάγων, καὶ δύσομβρα βέλη”. He learned to build houses, to shelter himself from frost and rain. “πάγοι δύσαυλοι”=frosts which make it unpleasant to bivouack in the open: cp. Aesch. Ag. 555δυσαυλίας.

ἐναίθρεια=under a clear (frosty) sky: cp. fr. 154 “ὅταν πάγου φανέντος αἰθρίου (‘α ξλεαρ φροστ᾿ χεροῖν κρύσταλλον ἁρπάσωσι”. Nauck takes “δυσαύλων πάγων” as ‘inhospitable hills,’ citing Moschion fr. 7. 5 (Frag. Trag. p. 633), who describes primitive man as inhabiting “ὀρειγενῆ σπήλαια”: but the context is against this. As corrections of the MS. “αἴθρια”, there is little to choose between “ἐναίθρεια” and “ὑπαίθρεια”: Aesch. Ag. 335 has “ὑπαιθρίων πάγων”: but after “πάγων” the loss of “ἐν” would be easier than that of “ὑπ”. The “ι” of “αἰθρία” could be long (as Solon 13. 22): but “ι_” is not elsewhere found in the derivatives; for in Cratinus “Δηλιάδες” fr. 5 we must read “Ὑπερβορείους αἴθρια τιμῶντας στέφη” (not, as Blaydes gives it, “Ὑπερβορέους αἴθρι_α”). The spelling “ἐναίθρεια” is conjectural, but in O. C. 1088 L has “ἐπινικείῳ”, as metre requires, for “ἐπινικίῳ”. Below, v. 814, “ἐπινύμφειος” has been conjectured: see n. there.

βέλη, the ‘shafts’ of piercing cold, or of lashing rain. Cp. Plat. Legg. 873Eκεραυνός, τι παρὰ θεοῦ τοιοῦτον βέλος ἰόν” (some such swift and sudden visitation): Aesch. PV 371βέλεσι πυρπνόου ζάλης” (sent forth from Aetna): Il. 1.53κῆλα θεοῖο” (of the pestilence).

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 371
    • Plato, Laws, 873e
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1088
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.53
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 335
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 555
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