previous next

ᾔδησθα, not ᾔδης τὰ, is certainly right. This 2nd pers. occurs in seven places of drama, two of which require it (Eur. El. 926, Cycl. 108), while the other five admit it (this v., Tr. 988, Aristoph. Nub. 329, Th. 554, Eccl. 551). Similarly “ἦσθα” is either necessary or admissible whenever it occurs in Attic drama. Aristoph. Lys. 132 has “ἔφησθα”, and “ἔφης” nowhere: but the case for “ἔφησθα” as the sole classical form seems less strong than for “ᾔδησθα” and “ἦσθα. ἔφησθα” is required in four Homeric passages (Il. 1.397, 16. 830: Od. 3.357, 23. 71), but “ἔφης” in one, Il. 22.331Ἕκτορ, ἀτάρ που ἔφης Πατροκλῆ᾽ ἐξεναρίζων”, and in another it is traditional, 22. 280 “ἦτοι ἔφης γε” (where “ἔφησθα” is unlikely). The ending is -σθα, not -“θα, ς” being an integral part of it: Curtius compares Lat. -sti (dedi-sti), and Gothic -st (saisô-st, thou sowedst), Gk Verb pp. 34 ff. Besides “οἶσθα, ᾔδησθα, ἦσθα”, and “ἔφησθα”, the forms which take “σθα” are the “ηομ. εἶσθα” (‘thou wilt go’); the presents indic. “διδοῖσθα” (Il. 19.270) and “τίθησθα” (Od. 9.404, 24. 476); and a few subjunctives and optatives (as “βάλῃσθα, βάλοισθα”).

κηρυχθέντα, the plur. partic. impersonal, as 570 “ἡρμοσμένα, 576 δεδογμένα”: a use more freq. with adjectives, as “ἀδύνατα, δίκαια” (cp. O.C.485n.), esp. verbals (below, 677).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (13 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (13):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 554
    • Aristophanes, Clouds, 329
    • Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae, 551
    • Aristophanes, Lysistrata, 132
    • Euripides, Cyclops, 108
    • Euripides, Electra, 926
    • Homer, Odyssey, 24.476
    • Homer, Odyssey, 3.357
    • Homer, Odyssey, 9.404
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 988
    • Homer, Iliad, 19.270
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.397
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.331
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: