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τῶν κάτω θεῶν. For this rare gen. (instead of the regular dat.) with ξύνοικος, cp. Lycurgus In Leocr. § 145 “οὗτος ἐν ταύτῃ τῇ χώρᾳ σύνοικος ὑμῶν γενήσεται”. So O. C. 1382Δίκη ξύνεδρος Ζηνός”. ‘The Justice that dwells with the gods below’ is their personified right to claim from the living those religious observances which devote the dead to them. A person who omits such observances is defrauding Hades of his own: see 1070. This Justice, then, ‘has not ordained such laws’ as Creon's; it has not forbidden kinsfolk to bury their dead; on the contrary, it has bound them to do so. τοιούσδ᾽ὥρισεν is a certainly true correction of the MS. οἳ τούσδ᾽ὥρισαν. With the latter, “οἳ” are either Zeus and “Δίκη”,—which would be the natural sense,—or “οἱ κάτω θεοί”: and “τούσδε νόμους” are the laws of sepulture. But, after τάδε in 450, referring to Creon's edicts, the demonstrative pronoun here also should refer to them. Creon has just called his own laws “τούσδε νόμους” (449). If Antigone, immediately afterwards, used “τούσδε νόμους” to describe the divine laws, the stress on “τούσδε” would be extremely awkward. Further, “τοιούσδ᾽ ὥρισεν” has a pathetic force which renders it incomparably finer here than the somewhat tame statement of fact, ‘who have appointed the laws of burial among men.’


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    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1382
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