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χαίρων, impune, as O. T. 363, Ph. 1299.

ἐπὶ ψόγοισι δεννάσεις, lit., revile me with (continual) censures:ψόγος” is merely censure, fault-finding, not necessarily implying offensive speech (cp. 689). “δεννάζω”, to reproach or revile: Ai. 243κακὰ δεννάζων ῥήμαθ᾽”: [Eur.] Rhes. 925 (the Muse speaking of Thamyris) “ὃς ἡμῶν πόλλ᾽ ἐδέννασεν τέχνην”. So Theogn. 1211 (if the verse be his, and not Anacreon's) “μή μ᾽ ἀφελῶς [ἀφίλως̣] παίζουσα φίλους δένναζε τοκῆας”, alluding to her saying that they had been slaves. Her. 9.107παρὰ δὲ τοῖσι Πέρσῃσι γυναικὸς κακίω ἀκοῦσαι δέννος μέγιστός ἐστι”. This ἐπί with dat. is not merely ‘with,’ but implies a continuing strain of utterance: El. 108ἐπὶ κωκυτῷ τῶνδε πατρῴων πρὸ θυρῶν ἠχὼ πᾶσι προφωνεῖν”: Eur. Tro. 315ἐπὶ δάκρυσι καὶ γόοισι τὸν θανόντα πατέρα... καταστένουσ᾽ ἔχεις” (thou art ever lamenting).—Others explain “ἐπί” as (a) ‘in addition to,’ which implies too sharp a contrast with “δεννάσεις”, esp. without “καί”: (b) ‘with a view to,’ i.e. ‘in order to blame me.’ Cp. Eur. Phoen. 1555οὐκ ἐπ᾽ ὀνείδεσιν οὐδ᾽ ἐπὶ χάρμασιν ἀλλ᾽ ὀδύναισι λέγω” (‘not for insult or spiteful joy, but in pain’). Here, however, that sense would be weak. —For Dobree's ἔτι, cp. Plut. 64 “οὔτοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρα χαιρήσεις ἔτι”. It is plausible, and may be right. But I prefer “ἐπὶ ψόγοισι”, because (in the sense explained above) it is so fitting when an impatient man breaks off a dialogue which has irritated him throughout.

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hide References (9 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1555
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 315
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.107
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 243
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 689
    • Sophocles, Electra, 108
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 363
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1299
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 925
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