Ταντάλου, gen. of parentage: cp. 486, Ai. 172 “Διὸς Ἄρτεμις”: 952 “Ζηνὸς ἡ δεινὴ θεός”. Tantalus, son of Zeus, had his royal seat on Mount Sipylus, which belonged to Phrygia in the older and larger sense of that term. In “αεσξη. Νιόβη” (fr. 153) he describes his realm as extending ‘twelve days journey’ from Sipylus westward to Ida. Σιπύλῳ. Mount Sipylus is in the country once called Maeonia, and afterwards Lydia. It is a branch of the Tmolus range (N. of which stood Sardis), and extends in a N.W. direction to the Hermus. Magnesia ‘ad Sipylum’ was on that river's left bank. From a remote age volcanic forces were active in this region, known to the Greeks as the “κατακεκαυμένη”. Cp. Arist. Meteor. 2.8 “γενομένου σεισμοῦ τὰ περὶ Σίπυλον ἀνετράπη”. A city called Tantalis, once situated at Sipylus, was said to have perished by an earthquake, which made a lake. Tantalus, like Niobe, is a type of prosperity plunged by “ὕβρις” into misery. Here, as in the case of Sodom and Gomorrah, some physical catastrophe was at the root of the tradition.—See on 831.
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