ματρῷαι λέκτρων ἆται = ματρῴων λ. ἆται (see n. on 793), calamities of the mother's bed, i.e. springing from marriage with a mother. (So O. C. 526 “γάμων . . ἄτᾳ”.) For the plur. “ἆται” in this sense, cp. O. C. 1244, El. 215.—L's πατρῷαι (‘calamities of my father's marriage’) is possible, but less good, since (a) the epithet “μητρῷα” denotes the bed to which he came: cp. O. T. 976 “καὶ πῶς τὸ μητρὸς” “λέκτρον οὐκ ὀκνεῖν με δεῖ”; and (b) with “πατρῷαι” the explanation by “ἐμῷ πατρί”, etc., would have been less needed.
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