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κακοῦ πρὸς ἀνδρὸς: for “πρός”, cp. 319. These remarks on authority and obedience are suggested by the alleged insubordination of Ajax, who (in disregard of Homeric conditions) is styled “ἀνὴρ δημότης”, in contrast to “οἱ ἐφεστῶτες”, —i.e. the Atreidae. (Cp. 945ἐφεστᾶσι”.) The tone of Menelaüs here recalls that of Creon in Ant. 663—676.

ἄνδρα, coming after “ἀνδρός”, is thought too inelegant by some critics, who replace it by Reiske's conjecture, ὄντα. But it may be doubted whether a Greek ear would have been offended; the words “ἄνδρα δημότην” closely cohere, and the emphasis falls, first on “κακοῦ”, and then on “δημότην”. The phrase “ἀνὴρ δημότης” occurs in Ant. 690 and Nub. 1219. Cp. 1093ἄνδρες, ἄνδρα”.


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  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1093
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 319
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 945
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 663
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 690
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