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τοξότης. The name of ‘bowman’ was a reproach only when it implied that the archer was not, like the hoplite, ready to meet his foe in close fight. It is in this sense that Diomedes upbraids Paris ( Il. 11. 385), “τοξότα, λωβητήρ, κέρᾳ ἀγλαέ”. In Il. 13. 313Teucer is said to be “ἄριστος Ἀχαιῶν τοξοσύνῃ:” but the poet adds “ἀγαθὸς δὲ καὶ ἐν σταδίῃ ὑσμίνῃ”. At Athens, where the “τοξόται” or city police were slaves (“Σκύθαι”, etc.), the word had acquired ignoble associations.

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