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βροτοῖς τὸν ἀείμνηστον=“τὸν βροτοῖς ἀείμνηστον”: cp. O. C. 714ἵπποισιν τὸν ἀκεστῆρα χαλινόν”: Tr. 872(“δῶρον”) “Ἡρακλεῖ τὸ πόμπιμον”: O. T. 139ἐκεῖνον κτανών.

εὐρώεντα, from “εὐρώς”, ‘mould’: an epithet applied in epic poetry to the nether world, where all things moulder in damp, cheerless gloom: Il. 20. 65(“οἰκία”, the home of Hades) “σμερδαλἔ εὐρώεντα, τά τε στυγέουσι θεοί περ”. Od. 10. 512Ἀΐδεω..δόμον εὔρώεντα”. Simonides illustrates this sense (fr. 4. 4), “ἐντάφἰον δὲ τοιοῦτον οὔτ᾽ εὐρὼς οὔθ᾽ πανδαμάτωρ ἀμαυρώσει χρόνος”: and Vergil reproduces it ( Aen. 6. 462) in his loca senta situ, the ‘rough and mouldering wilderness’ of the underworld. Quintus Smyrnaeus 14. 241 has “τύμβον ἐπ᾽ εὐρώεντα”. But in later antiquity a false etymology connected “εὐρώεις” with “εὐρύς”: thus Hesychius, s.v.εὐρώεντα”, gives “πλατέα” as one explanation of it. Oppian (circ. 180 A.D. ) actually uses the word in the sense of ‘wide,’ Opp. Hal. 5. 3κόλπον ἀν᾽ εὐρώεντα θαλάσσης”: and so too Nonnus (5th cent. A.D. ) Dionys. 25. 476. [In Il. 20. 65Döderlein and others would change “εὐρώεντα” to “αὐερόεντα” (“αὐήρ” =“ἀήρ”), or “ἠερόεντα”, ‘murky’: while Nauck goes so far as to pronounce “εὐρώεις” ‘a wholly apocryphal word.’]

The legendary tomb of Ajax was shown on the coast of the Troad near Cape Rhoeteum; Strabo 13. p. 595 “τῷ Π̔οιτείῳ συνεχὴς ᾐὼν ἁλιτενής, ἐφ᾽ μνῆμα καὶ ἱερὸν Αἴαντος καὶ ἀνδριάς”. Alexander the Great, on landing in the Troad, offered “ἐναγίσματα” at the tomb of Ajax as well as at that of Achilles ( Diod. 17. 17). There were legends of gigantic bones having been found in the tomb ( Paus. 1. 35. 5).


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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 17.17
    • Homer, Iliad, 20.65
    • Homer, Odyssey, 10.512
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.35.5
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 714
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 139
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 872
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 6.462
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