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ἰὼ πόνοι πρόγονοι πόνων. This is a parenthetic exclamation (cp. 173 f.): ‘Alas, those warlike toils (of the man who invented war), from which so many toils have sprung.’ Cp. the phrase in Legg. 928 E “ξυμφοραὶ..ἔχθρας ἔκγονοι”.—Dindorf writes “ἰὼ πόνοι πρόπονοι” (omitting “πόνων”, as in 1190 he reads “ἀν᾽ εὐρώδη Τροΐαν”), ‘toils pre-eminent among toils’: cp. Aesch. Pers. 987κακὰ πρόκακα”.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 987
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 173
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