ὑπὸ πλάκα Σουνίου: for the “ο_” of “ὑπὸ” before “πλ”, cp. Ant. 612“τὸ πρίν”.—Sunium, the S. E. promontory of Attica, is, in Leake's words, ‘lofty, steep, and rugged on every side, except the south-west, where there is a beach and a small bay, with an island at the entrance’ (Demi of Attica, vol. II. p. 63). On the highest point stood the Doric temple of Athena, built probably about the middle of the 5th century B.C. The modern name of the cape, Colonna (“Κολόνναις”), is derived from the remaining columns of the temple, which are of a brilliant whiteness, the marble of which they are made being of a much lighter colour than the Pentelic. ‘As seen from a distance, glittering in the sun across the blue sea, they look like pillars of snow or salt, rather than stone’ (Mure, Tour II. p. 123). Cp. Eur. Cycl. 293“ἥ τε Σουνίου ι δίας Ἀθάνας σῶς ὑπάργυρος πέτρα” (where the epithet alludes to the silver-mines of Laurium). Poseidon also was worshipped at Sunium (“Σουνιάρατε”, Ar. Eq. 560): but Leake was disposed to think that he can have had an altar only, as the sole buildings traceable were the temple of Athena and the fortress erected on Sunium circ. 413 B.C. (Demi II. p. 64). Wordsworth, however, saw remains which, he thought, might be those of a Poseidonion (Athens and Attica, p. 177).
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