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αὐτὸς, ‘by himself,’ ‘alone’: cp. Ar. Ach. 504αὐτοὶ γάρ ἐσμεν.— μόνος μόνου”: though “αὐτός” has preceded, “μόνος” is added to emphasise the idea of single combat. Cp. 467μόνος μόνοις”: Dem. or. 18 § 137τῷ ὑπὸ τῶν πολεμίων πεμφθέντι μόνος μόνῳ συνῄει”.

λαχών τε κἀκέλευστος: i.e., simply because, among the Greek warriors who had offered to meet Hector, he was the one who drew the lot; not because he had been urged to undertake the task. “λαχών” implies “ἑκών”, since lots were drawn only for those who had volunteered.

This combat between Hector and Ajax is told in Iliad 7. 38—312. Hector having challenged a Greek champion, nine Greek chiefs offered themselves; lots were cast, and the honour fell to Ajax. Hector and Ajax fought till nightfall, when they were parted by heralds, and exchanged gifts (1029 n.).

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 137
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 467
    • Aristophanes, Acharnians, 504
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