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Construe: “οὐκ οἶσθα ἀρχαῖον Πέλοπα, ὃς σοῦ πατρὸς πατὴρ προὔφυ, ὄντα βάρβαρον, Φρύγα;” The phrase “ἀρχαῖον Πέλοπα”, ‘Pelops of old,’ indicates him as the founder of Agamemnon's royal house. Others take “ἀρχαῖον” adverbially with “ὄντα βάρβαρον”, ‘a barbarian by origin.’ But such a use of “ἀρχαῖος” is strange, and seems to be without parallel.

Φρύγα: the term is used invidiously, but is not incorrect. Sipylus, the legendary seat of Tantalus, father of Pelops, was in Maeonia, afterwards called Lydia; but Phrygia, in the older and larger sense, included that region. (Cp. Ant. 824 where Niobe, daughter of Tantalus, is “τὰν Φρυγίαν”.) In Her. 7. 11Xerxes speaks of “Πέλοψ Φρύξ”.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.11
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 824
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