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Τελαμώνιε παῖ: Il. 13. 67Τελαμώνιον υἱόν”. The followers of Ajax call upon him to come forth from his tent, —where, for some days previously, he had remained in sullen seclusion (194 f.), —and to refute this dire rumour of his onslaught on the cattle. Surely it is a malignant slander. Or is it possible that some angry deity has driven him to such a deed? Assuredly it is abhorrent from his own nature.

Σαλαμῖνος (defining gen.)..βάθρον, the pedestal, or firm seat, consisting of Salamis. The island itself is the “βάθρον”: this is clear from 859 f. “ γῆς ἱρὸν οἰκείας πέδον Σαλαμῖνος, πατρῷον ἑστίας βάθρον”. Just so in Ph. 1000, “ἕως ἂν μοι γῆς τόδ᾽ αἰπεινὸν βάθρον”, ‘while I have this craggy Lemnos beneath my feet.’

τῆς ἀμφιρύτου Σαλαμῖνοςἀγχιάλου: for the place of the second epithet, see n. on O. T. 1199τὰν γαμψώνυχα παρθένον χρησμῳδόν”. While τῆς ἀμφιρύτου would suggest to an Athenian the narrow strait, so familiar to his sight, which divides Salamis from the Attic mainland, the second epithet, ἀγχιάλου, would, as it were, turn his eyes seaward, inviting him to look forth from the shore of Salamis itself towards the Saronic Gulf. Each adjective lends a touch to the picture. This is thoroughly Greek. See, for instance, I. A. 164 “ἔμολον ἀμφὶ παρακτίαν ψάμαθον Αὐλίδος ἐναλίας”, the sandy sea-shore of Aulis by the waves: Helen. 400 “ἐπ᾽ οἶδμα πόντιον γλαυκῆς ἁλός”,—where the blue expanse, the surge, and the depths beneath it (“πόντιον”) are all suggested.

ἀγχίαλος” was properly said of a place on the sea-coast ( Il. 2. 640Χαλκίδα τ᾽ ἀγχίαλον”). In Aesch. Pers. 888 it is a mere general epithet for islands (Lemnos, Icaros, etc.). Here, in the Athenian poet's mind, it has its proper sense, for he is thinking of Salamis as a fringe of the Attic coast; and it is again the Athenian's point of view which interprets the true relation of “ἀγχιάλου” to “ἀμφιρύτου”.

ἔχων: cp. Pind. N. 4. 48Αἴας Σαλαμῖν᾽ ἔχει πατρῴαν”.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Persians, 888
    • Homer, Iliad, 13.67
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.640
    • Pindar, Nemean, 4
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1199
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1000
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