καὖθις: “αὖθις”=‘afterwards,’ as in Tr. 270, Ant. 1204. πικροί, infensi: Aesch. Cho. 234“τοὺς φιλτάτους γὰρ οἶδα νῷν ὄντας πικρούς”. Cp. O.C. 615 “τὰ τερπνὰ πικρὰ γίγνεται καὖθις φίλα”: and above, 679 ff. Odysseus is here replying to the taunt that he is “ἔμπληκτος”, inconstant. ‘It is common enough for friendship to turn into bitterness. When, therefore, I forget the later enmity of Ajax, and remember only his good service, I am merely condoning a very ordinary change.’ There is also a gentle hint that Agamemnon, who had professed so much “φιλία” (1331), is becoming a little “πικρός”.
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