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ὑπᾴξας is not a certain reading here; but (despite the fact that the first hand in L wrote “ἀπᾶξας”) it has, on the whole, at least as good authority as ἀπᾴξας. The latter makes good sense enough, ‘rushing away from me’; but “ὑπᾴξας”, expressing the sudden rush forward, as if towards something which had suddenly caught his attention, adds a picturesque touch which is absent from the other reading. For this sense of “ὑπό” in comp., cp. “ὑπάγω”, etc. The third possibility, ἐπᾴξας, would properly denote a rush onwards in a direction which had already been taken; and is thus less fitting here.

σκιᾷ τινὶ: Tecmessa, of course, followed Ajax to the door, but Athena was invisible to her: see on 15. Ajax seemed to speak with some phantom,—some creature of his brain.

λόγους ἀνέσπα; the phrase denotes the abrupt, spasmodic manner in which his words were jerked forth. They were wild and incoherent (21—116). Cp. Plat. Theaet.p. 180 A “ὥσπερ ἐκ φαρέτρας ῥηματίσκια αἰνιγματώδη ἀνασπῶντες ἀποτοξεύουσι”. Menander “Π̔απιζομένης” fr. 7 “πόθεν τούτους ἀνεσπάκασιν οὗτοι τοὺς λόγους;Ar. Ran. 903τὸν δ̓” (Aeschylus) “ἀνασπῶντ᾽ αὐτοπρέμνοις” (“-ους”?) | “τοῖς λόγοισιν κ.τ.λ.”, (where the idea is that of tearing up trees by the roots; but the use of “ἀνασπᾶν” in ref. to a bold style is suggestive). Eustathius p. 679. 61 “οὐ μόνον ἐπὶ φυτῶν τὸ ἀνασπᾶν λέγεται, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐπὶ ἀλαζονείας, ὡς δηλοῖ τὸ παρὰ Σοφοκλεῖ λόγους ἀνέσπα”.

Ἀτρειδῶν κάτα: for “κατά” placed after its case, cp. 969.


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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Aristophanes, Frogs, 903
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 969
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