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Σκαμάνδριοιῥοαί: cp. Il. 2. 467ἐν λειμῶνι Σκαμανδρίῳ ἀνθεμόεντι”. The Scamander, still called the Mendere, is the most important river of the Troad. Rising in Ida, it flows through the central plain which now bears the name of the town Bairamitch, and thence passes northward into the plain of Troy. On the confines between the two plains, where the river winds in large curves through deep gorges in limestone rocks, its scenery is striking. From the south border of the Trojan plain to the Hellespont, the Mendere has a course of between seven and eight miles.


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