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ὑπ᾽ ὀρφανιστῶν (“διοίσεται”), if he shall have his life controlled by them: cp. “ὑπό” with the midd. “πορεύεται” in 1253 f.: O. C. 681θἁλλει δ̓..ὑπ᾽ ἄχνας”. The sense is not merely, ‘live under them,’ as if “ὑπό” with the genitive here took the sense of “ὑπό” with the dative (subditus illorum imperio, Ellendt).

The word “ὀρφανιστής” (found only here) =“ἐπίτροπος”, ‘guardian.’ Eustathius (p. 533. 30), on Il. 5. 158χηρωσταὶ δὲ διὰ κτῆσιν δατέοντο”, explains “χηρωσταί” as those who administered the property of persons who left no direct heirs (“τοὺς χηρεύοντας διαδόχων”); adding, “οἵτινες κατὰ λόγον ἄλλον καὶ ὀρφανισταὶ ἐκαλοῦντο, ὡς ὀρφανῶν ὑπεριστάμενοι, καθὰ καὶ Σοφοκλῆς δηλοῖ”. Apparently, then, he knew the word only from this verse. (The verb “ὀρφανίζω” usu.=to make “ὀρφανός”.)

μὴ φίλων (the generic “μή”), of no friendly kind; for the order, cp. Aesch. Eum. 903ὁποῖα νίκης μὴ κακῆς ἐπίσκοπα”. [The “μὴ” could also be explained by “εἰ” in 510: but this is less simple.]

Compare Andromachè's description, in her lament over Hector, of the lot in store for her child, “ἦμαρ δ᾽ ὀρφανικὸν παναφήλικα παῖδα τίθησιν”, ‘the day of orphanhood makes a child companionless,’ etc.: Il. 22. 490—498.

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 903
    • Homer, Iliad, 22.490
    • Homer, Iliad, 5.158
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 681
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