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ὠμοῖςἐν νόμοις, the rugged usages of a warrior inured to the sight of bloodshed. For the adj., cp. 205ὠμοκρατής”, n. In saying “νόμοις” rather than “τρόποις”, he speaks with a certain heroic grandeur (“μεγαλοφρονῶν”, as the schol. remarks). Cp. C. 2. 15. 11 “non ita Romuli | Praescriptum et intonsi Catonis | Auspiciis veterumque norma.

πωλοδαμνεῖν, to break him in like a colt. The word was familiar in Attic ( Xen. Oec. 3. 10, etc.). Cp. Plut. Mor. 13E “οὕτω σκιρτῶσα νεότης πωλοδαμνεῖται”. Lucian Amor. 45 “τὴν νεότητα πωλοδαμνήσας”. For the metaphor implicit in the compound verb, cp. Ant. 994ἐναυκλήρεις πόλιν”.

κἀξομοιοῦσθαι is passive, and “αὐτόν” (the object of “πωλοδαμνεῖν”) is its subject, φύσιν being acc. of respect. For the infinitives, linked by “καί”, yet having different subjects, cp. Plat. Rep.p. 359 E (“λέγουσιν”) “αὐτὸν ἀφανῆ γενέσθαι τοῖς παρακαθημένοις, καὶ διαλέγεσθαι” [sc.αὐτοὺς”] “ὡς περὶ οἰχομένου”.

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 205
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 994
    • Xenophon, Economics, 3.10
    • Plutarch, De liberis educandis, 13e
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